Practical Tips to Conserve Energy in Your Home (and Produce Your Own!)

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Most of us will admit that the utility bills we pay are among the most expensive monthly bills.  Not only do they hurt the pocket but there is a lot of wasted power, especially with electricity.  Therefore to live a more sustainable life and also save money, you need to look at how to conserve energy in your home – and also if you can produce your own too.

Conserving energy

There are lots of little steps to take to conserve energy, waste less and cut back on utility bills.  Here are a few you can start looking at today.

Use natural lighting and air conditioning

The best source of light is the big ball in the sky – the sun.  And while it might not always be around, depending on where you live, it is great to use it when it is.  Natural light is the best way to light your home and doesn’t cost anything.  So open up those blinds, pull the curtains right back and ensure plenty of that natural light can get into your home.  It can also help warm the house in cooler months.

In the same way, open those windows and let the air flow through the home rather than using air conditioning systems.  Open windows don’t cost anything, and the air flow is less likely to contain any bugs that can build up in air con units.

Turn off lights when leaving the room

There are times when using lights are unavoidable, especially in winter.  But a way to help conserve energy is to turn off lights when leaving the room.  This means they aren’t using power lighting an empty room, will make the bulb last longer and can even remove the risk of problems such as fires from electrical circuits.  If you are a fan of smart tech, you can get connected lightbulbs with motion sensors to set up that they turn out when you leave the room!

Switch to LED bulbs

There’s a reason that people are advocating switching to LED bulbs – well, a few of them.  For starters, they last a lot longer than conventional bulbs.  Yes, the initial cost is more but they definitely pay this back.  They are also far more energy efficient:

 Traditional IncandescentHalogenCFLLED
Energy EfficientVery LowLowHighVery High
Colour temperatureWarmWarmWarm to coolWarm to cool
Lifespan1,000 hours (1 year)3,000 hours (3 years)8,000 hours (8 years)25,000 hours (25 years)

Energy efficient appliances

When it comes to replacing any appliance that uses electricity, look at the energy efficiency of the new one before committing to it.  From kettles to fridges, washing machines and dishwashers, even boilers, they all have to have a rating on them with A being the best.

Use that capacity

It can be tempting to run a dishwasher half full or just put a half load into the washing machine, but this is a waste of power.  Instead, make sure you use everything to capacity, even if it means leaving some dirty dishes from lunch lying in the dishwasher until dinner.  That way you get the most for the electricity used.

Check your home’s insulation

One of the biggest causes of wasted energy is poor insulation.  Heat rises, vanishes through the roof and is lost.  Therefore looking at the quality and thickness of the insulation in your roof or loft can be key to improving the home’s energy efficiency.

Producing your own power

The other big element to being sustainable is looking to creating your own power – electricity.  There are lots of renewable options that can be used in almost any home to general electricity, cut down utility bills and even make a little money selling unused power.

Solar thermal

A solar panel can be used to heat hot water and works alongside an existing system.  This means when there is sunlight, you can generate power to create hot water and not need to use gas and electricity to power your boiler for the job.  You may need to get a new tank that works with this kind of system and you do need a house facing within 90 degrees of south.


This is another type of solar panel that creates electricity from sunlight.  You have the panels fitted to the roof so again a 90 degree of south angle is needed.  It can be expensive to set up but if you general more power than you need, there are schemes to sell it back to utility companies.

Wind turbines

Most of the times wind turbines are massive things seen in hilly fields or at sea.  But smaller, home-sized versions are becoming available and if you live in the right kind of area, they may be worth considering.  There can be restrictions about where you can put them with planning permission or local regulations so check this first.

Heat pumps

These use the principles of refrigeration (vapour compression) to create heat from water, ground or air and then transfer to an electric pump.  Little maintenance is available, but the cost is variable depending on what source you want to use.  You do want to make sure your home is well insulated if you go with this idea.


Not everyone will be able to produce their own electricity at this point, but we can all do more to conserve it and therefore make our homes more energy efficient.  It also has the benefit of saving money on those utility bills as well!

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